• Mrs. LaFrances Notes about

    Basic Sentence Parts

     

    Two basic parts of a sentence are a subject (noun or pronoun

    usually) and a verb (action performed or described), 

            The sentence expresses a complete thought meaning it can stand by itself and make sense.

                                                   S   V

                                    Ex:  The cat ran up the tree.

            Incomplete thoughts are often called fragments.

                            Ex:  The orange cat

    Section 19.2

          Complete Subject of a sentence is the subject and any words related to it.

            Complete Predicate of a sentence is the verb and any words related to it.

           

                                            Complete S            Complete P

                                    Ex:  The orange cat / ran up the willow tree.              

                                            Simple S = cat     Simple predicate = ran

    Section 19.3

            Compound Subject is two or more subjects that have the same verb and are joined by a conjunction such as as  or or.

                            Ex:  Dogs and cats make great pets.

            Compound Verb is two or more verbs that have the same subject and are joined by a conjunction such as as or or.

                            Ex:  Dogs run and play all day.

    Section 19.4

            Normal word order is when the subject comes before the verb.

            In sentences that give orders or directions, the subject is understood to be you.

                                     V                         S    V

                            Ex:  Look at that cat!  (You) Look at that cat!

            Inverted work order is when the subject comes after the verb.  In questions, the subject often follows the verb.    

            HINT:  IF YOU HAVE TROUBLE FINDING THE SUBJECT IN A QUESTION, CHANGE THE QUESTION INTO A STATEMENT.         

                      V          S                         S      V

            Ex:  How are the dogs today?    The dogs are how today.

     

            V      S      V                                  S       V   

          Did John bring the snack for us?   John did bring the snack for us.

     

            A sentence beginning with there or here is usually in inverted word order and are NEVER the subject of a sentence.

            HINT:  IF YOU HAVE TROUBLE FINDING THE SUBJECT IN A SENTENCE BEGINNING WITH THERE OR HERE, REORDER THE SENTENCE.

                             V           S

            Ex:  There are two girls in the locker room.

                             S     V

                    Two girls are in the locker room.

                            V          S

                    Here is the book.

                            S     V

                    The book is here.