• Narrative Writing

    (Short Story)



    A SHORT STORY is a brief, creative NARRATIVE a retelling of events arranged to hold a readers attention.


    From the Arctic tundra to a steamy rain forest, a short story can send you places you have never been and offer you experiences you can only imagine.

    By letting you enter the lives of the characters, a short story reminds you that you can always be more than who you are today.


    Most short stories include these elements:

    ·        One or more characters (the people, animals, or other creatures involved in the story).

    ·        A conflict or problem that keeps the reader asking, What will happen next?

    ·        A beginning that introduces the characters and setting and establishes the conflict.

    ·        A middle in which the story reaches a high point usually, some type of conflict.

    ·        An ending in which the conflict is resolved and loose ends are tied up.

    Types of short stories:

    ·        Realistic stories take place in familiar neighborhoods with people just like the ones you know.

    ·        Fantasy and science-fiction stories take you to worlds that exist only in the mind a far-off galaxy or a future Earth.

    ·        Adventure stories immerse you in exciting action played out by larger-than-life heroes.



    Guidelines for writing a short story


    1. Prewriting Jot down ideas of situations or events of

          interest to you. Your ideas may come from

          a personal experience, something you have

          read, or something you have witnessed.

    2. Develop the narrative elements.

    Identify the CONFLICT which is a struggle between two opposing forces.  A characters conflict may be external, as when an athlete has trouble with his coach or internal, as when an athlete struggles with his conscience.

    3. Consider your audience (who your readers are) and your purpose (entertain

    or convey a theme)

    4. Gather details to be included in your story.  Make lists of ideas and connect them.

    5. Shape your writing by creating a PLOT.

    ·        The EXPOSITION introduces the main characters and their basic situation, including the setting and the central conflict.

    ·        This CONFLICT develops and intensifies during the RISING ACTION, a sequence of events, which leads to

    ·        the CLIMAX  (the high point of suspense), followed by.

    ·        the storys falling action, which leads to.the RESOLUTION, in which the conflict is resolved in some way (the good guy wins, a compromise is reached, and so on).


    FOCUS on the conflict and resolution as you write, make sure that the events you include help develop the storys conflict and create suspense about how that conflict will be resolved.


    6.  Provide ELABORATION by using details to define characters  and setting.  Show what characters are like by using quotations and/or expressions in your writing which reflect their moods.

    7.   REVISE your OVERALL STRUCTURE by checking to be sure  that important information and plot twists are in the right spots.

    8. REVISE your SENTENCE STRUCTURE and WORD CHOICE.   Use colorful verbs and adjectives to bring your story to life.

    9. EDIT for any grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors.

    6+1 Trait Writing

    1.     Ideas - be interesting with fresh, new ideas

    2.     Organization stick with an organization pattern throughout your story

    3.     Voice develop a distinctive voice as a writer

    4.     Word choice  - use precise, vivid words (Thesaurus)

     5.   Sentence Fluency use a variety of sentence structures and transitions

    6.  Conventions use correct grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and


    7. Presentation always be proud of what you hand in, both visual and content