• Mrs. LaFrance’s Notes on

    Classifying Sentences According to Structure

     

    **All sentences are classified as: simple (s)

                                compound (cd)

                                complex (cx)

                                compound-complex (cd-cx)

    **The classification depends on: 

    the number of clauses (1,2,3…)

    the kinds of clauses (independent or subordinate)

     

    1.      simple – 1 independent clause

    Ex. (The Jayhawks won the NCAA tournament.)

                independent clause

    I = Simple

     

    2.     compound – 2 or more independent clauses connected by and, or, nor, for, but, yet, so

                       Ex.(The Jayhawks won the NCAA tournament),

                                independent clause

                  and(Simion won the player of the year award).

                independent clause

                                                         I + I =CD

     

    3.     complex – 1 independent clause plus 1 or more subordinate clauses

                    Ex. (Although they lost in the Big 12 playoffs),

                                          subordinate clause

    (the Jayhawks won the NCAA tournament.)

                         independent clause

    I + >S = CX

     

    4.     compound-complex – 2 or more independent clauses plus 1 or more

    subordinate clauses

    Ex. (Although they lost in the Big 12 playoffs),

                                    subordinate clause                       

                             

    (the Jayhawks won the NCAA tournament),

                    independent clause

    and (they are now the 2005 champions).

                independent clause

     

    2>I + >S = CD/CX