• The 5 Short Vowel Sounds

    ·         short -a- in and, as, after

    ·         short -e- in pen, hen, lend

    ·         short -i- in it, in

    ·         short -o- in top, hop

    ·         short -u- in under, cup

    The 6 Long Vowel Sounds

    ·         long -a- in make, take

    ·         long -e- in beet, feet

    ·         long -i- in tie, lie

    ·         long -o- in coat, toe

    ·         long -u- (yoo) in rule

    ·         long -oo- in few, blue

    The R-Controlled Vowel Sounds

    ·         -ur- in her, bird, and hurt

    ·         -ar- in bark, dark

    ·         -or- in fork, pork, stork

    The 18 Consonant Sounds
    c, q and x are missing as they are found in other sounds. (The C sound is found in the k sounds and in the s sound in words like cereal, city and cent. The Q sound is found in 'kw' words like backwards and Kwanza. The X sound is also found in ks words like kicks.)

    ·         -b- in bed, bad

    ·         -k- in cat and kick

    ·         -d- in dog

    ·         -f- in fat

    ·         -g- in got

    ·         -h- in has

    ·         -j- in job

    ·         -l- in lid

    ·         -m- in mop

    ·         -n- in not

    ·         -p- in pan

    ·         -r- in ran

    ·         -s- in sit

    ·         -t- in to

    ·         -v- in van

    ·         -w- in went

    ·         -y- in yellow

    ·         -z- in zipper

    The Blends
    Blends are 2 or 3 letters combined to form a distinct spelling sound.
    The blends sounds:

    ·         -bl- in blue and black

    ·         -c- in clap and close

    ·         -fl- in fly and flip

    ·         -gl- in glue and glove

    ·         -pl- in play and please

    ·         -br- in brown and break

    ·         -cr- in cry and crust

    ·         -dr- in dry and drag

    ·         -fr- in fry and freeze

    ·         -gr- in great and grand

    ·         -pr- in prize and prank

    ·         -tr- in tree and try

    ·         -sk- in skate and sky

    ·         -sl- in slip and slap

    ·         -sp- in spot and speed

    ·         -st- in street and stop

    ·         -sw- in sweet and sweater

    ·         -spr- in spray and spring

    ·         -str- in stripe and strap

    The 7 Digraph Sounds

    ·         -ch- in chin and ouch

    ·         -sh- in ship and push

    ·         -th- in thing

    ·         -th- in this

    ·         -wh- in when

    ·         -ng- in ring

    ·         -nk- in rink

    The Other Special Sounds Including Dipthongs

    ·         -oi- in foil and toy

    ·         -ow- in owl and ouch

    ·         short -oo- in took and pull

    ·         -aw- in raw and haul

    ·         -zh- in vision